(UPI) — The U.S. Supreme Court sent back to trial a case in which the secretary of state refused to allow “Israel” to appear as the country of birth on an official U.S. document of a boy born in Jerusalem.

The plaintiff in the case, Menachem Binyamin Zivotofsky, was born in a hospital in West Jerusalem — an indisputably Israeli area. His U.S. Consular Report of Birth Abroad (U.S. certificate of a foreign birth) lists Jerusalem as his birthplace. His parents, however, wanted “Israel” added pursuant to a 2002 federal law passed a month before the boy was born.

The request was denied by the State Department on the grounds the executive branch, not Congress, has the power to decide matters of foreign affairs, and including “Israel” on the documents might have provoked protest from the Arab nations.

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